August 13, 2022

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WHAT ARE THE PARTS OF A SUBMERSIBLE PUMP?

5 min read
submersible pump parts

A submersible pump (or electric submersible pump (ESP)) is a device with an airtight sealed motor close-coupled to the pump body. The entire assembly is lowered in the fluid to be pumped. The main advantage of this kind of pump is that it forestalls pump cavitations, an issue associated with a high elevation distinction between the pump and the fluid surface. Submersible pumps push fluid to the surface rather than jet pumps, which make a vacuum and depend upon the atmospheric pressure. Submersibles utilize pressurized fluid from the surface to drive a hydraulic motor downhole rather than an electric motor. They are used in heavy oil applications with heated water as the motive fluid.

The submersible pump framework comprises both downhole and surface components. The main submersible pump parts are transformers, motor controllers, junction box and wellhead. The main downhole components are the motor, seal, pump, and cable. Extra downhole components might be included in the framework: data acquisition instrumentation, motor lead extension, cable bands and protectors, gas separator, and check and drain valves. All these are easily available from any kind of submersible spare parts suppliers. MicroCare is the leading pump spare parts manufacturer in India. Let MicroCare make your installation easy with their amazing range of products. 

APPLICATIONS

Submersible pumps are tracked down in many applications. Single-stage pumps are used for drainage, sewage, general industrial, and slurry pumping. They are also popular with Pond channels. Multiple-stage submersible pumps are typically lowered down a borehole, most used for residential, commercial, municipal and industrial water extraction (abstraction), water wells and oil wells.

Other purposes for submersible pumps include sewage treatment plants, seawater handling, firefighting (since it is flame retardant cable), water well and deep well drilling, offshore drilling rigs, artificial lifts, and mine dewatering, and irrigation systems.

Pumps in hazardous electrical locations used for flammable fluids or water that may be contaminated with burnable fluids should be planned not to ignite the liquid or vapors.

THE PARTS OF THE SUBMERSIBLE PUMP

1. Submersible Pump:

A submersible pump allows for moving water from the beginning. They are intended to push the water up to the surface exceptionally proficiently.

2. Check Valve:

The placement and number of check valves expected for a framework is based on the depth of the pump setting in the well. Installation of 200 feet or less requires one check valve on the pump discharge and one on the surface of the well.

3. Easy Tie Adapters:

Easy tie adapters thread into the discharge on the check valve at the submersible pump and insert into the poly riser pipe.

4. Clamps:

Hose clamps are intended for sealing poly pipe to barbed insert fittings, making a positive watertight seal and pull-off proof connection.

5. Heat Shrink Splice Kits:

Heat shrink splice kits are intended for submerged electrical connections between the pump cable and the leads on the pump motor.

6. Torque Arrestor:

Torque arrestors are specifically intended to keep the submersible pump focused and to forestall any twisting in the well casing. Torque arrestors also safeguard the pump cable and are typically installed straight above the pump on the riser pipe.

7. Safety Rope:

The safety rope is associated with the submersible pump and got at the wellhead. The primary capability is to keep the pipes from separating, which could bring about the pump being lost at the lower part of the well. 

8. Pump Cable:

A submersible pump cable is used to supply the capacity to the submersible pumps. Typical pumps used in a submersible installation are a few wire pumps.

9. Cable Guards:

Cable guards keep the riser pipe focused in the well to forestall damage to the pump wire.

10. Cable Ties:

Cable ties are used to get the riser pipe to the pump cable between the cable guards.

11. Pitless Adapters:

Slide-type pitless adapters allow for an easy connection of the riser pipe from the submersible pump to the underground discharge pipe. 

12. Rope Hangers:

Rope hangers were intended to give a more uncomplicated strategy for safely attaching the safety rope to the well casing at the well head, rather than fastening the rope to the other internal components.

13. Well Caps:

Well caps are intended to cover the highest point of the well casing. They keep debris from entering the well.

14. Insert Adapters:

An insert adapter has one end, insert, and the flip side is MPT (Male Pipe Thread).

15. Flow Control Valves:

In any well installation, a stream control gives security to the submersible pump in low-producing wells. Stream controls allow the aquifer to sustain a static water level in the well and not let it fall underneath the submersible pump to keep the pump from running dry because of over pumping the well.

16. Tank Tees:

Tank tees are multi-port fittings planned to interface a tank to the water framework. The multi-port feature allows one fitting to finish the work as eight or more pipe fittings. 

17. Pressure Switch:

Pressures switches control the submersible pump operations because of its implicit diaphragm that moves back and forth, reacting to the water framework pressure.

18. Pressure Gauges:

A pressure gauge allows you to monitor what the tension framework is doing efficiently and affirm the switch’s cut-in and cut-out pressure settings.

19. Relief Valves:

A relief valve gives insurance to the plumbing framework from excessive pressure if a pressure switch were to fail, allowing the framework to continue building pressure past the pre-set pressure of the switch.

20. Drain Valves:

A drain valve is installed in the second outward-facing accessory port. Drain valves give the means to take water samples, acquire water from systems, and allow access to drain the tank and water framework if the pressure tank is replaced.

21. Ball Valves:

A ball valve ought to be installed on the tension tank’s discharge side, isolating the plumbing framework from the water well pressure framework.

22. Sediment Filter:

A sediment filter removes the sediment from your water, preventing sediment from entering any water treatment equipment like softeners or water heaters. 

All these products are easily available. You can get them from submersible spare parts suppliers like MicroCare. From solar pump spare parts to water pump spare parts, everything is available at MicroCare. As you can see, each item is crucial to guarantee a safe and secure submersible pump installation. When installing a submersible pump, utilize this list to affirm you have not forgotten any essential parts, ensuring the safety of you and the pump. Are you looking for guidance related to this? Contact MicroCare- submersible spare parts suppliers. MicroCare is one of the pump spare parts manufacturers in india. Make your installation process easy with MicroCare!

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