Dental chisels: Purpose and Types

A guide to Dental chisels

The human oral cavity is a complex system of blood vessels, tissue, veins, and teeth that are just as susceptible to disease as other organs in the human body. Much like traditional transplants, teeth are also implanted with the help of dental chisels in sockets where teeth have been extracted. The prosthetics used to replace natural teeth function and appear as a part of the natural oral architecture.

While the possibility of a new functional tooth is quite real, extractions and socket preparation can go sideways if incorrect tools and techniques are employed. Experts use a plethora of instruments to ensure rapid recovery and adequate preparation of the extraction site before an implant is inserted.

Dental Chisels:

Before an implant is attached to the ligament, the socket and bone need to be “chiseled” to accommodate instruments and implant accessories. The bone must be contoured to fit the artificial tooth being placed in the oral cavity.

As specialty instruments chisels ensure a smooth prosthetic attachment by flattening and gluing the enamel. By cleaving the undermined enamel chisels assist in shaping enamel walls for insertion of implant hardware. In some cases, this may also be used to smooth and remove minuscule portions of the bone for better adherence.


The blades fitted in this instrument are relatively heavier than other tools used in dental surgery. They may also be beveled to facilitate incisions in the tough tissue wall if needed. in some variations, there is a beveled cutting-edge design on both ends of the instrument to give the surgeon better control when splitting teeth. Teeth that are malposed, bicuspid, impacted, or fractured often need to be split before a clean extraction can be achieved.

These are also useful in flattening the pulpal floor and thus some orientations of these instruments are straight, biangled, or triangled. due to the complexity of tooth placements and differing levels of ease-of-access in the human mouth, the right types of chisels must be used for each quadrant respectively.

Chisel Dental Instrument Uses

Chisels are used primarily in restorative dentistry for the preparation of the tooth. These are used to plane a wall, manipulate enamel, and even smooth the bone for implant procedures that follow.

Depending on the nature of the procedure, some variations of this tool may be used to cut soft or hard tissue that surrounds the extraction site. these are also used to remove wisdom teeth, depending on the placement of the tooth.

Dental Chisel Instrument: Categorization

The basic categorization of this instrument is as follows:


This variation is fitted with a straight blade along the shank and the handle of the instrument. The cutting end of the handpiece is perpendicular to the elongated axis of the tool. there is only one cutting end that can be used as a mesial or distal tool. these are also available in triple beveled variations and a three-finger formula.


the cutting end/blade of this handpiece is fitted at an angle along the long axis of the instrument. The sharp blade may be at the distal or the mesial positions of the handpiece (direct or reverse bevel).

Bi angle:

this variation may also be beveled at the distal or mesial. There are two angles at the cutting ends. The basic movements used when handling this instrument are left, right and vertical motions.


this category is quite like the straight variation. There is a minimal curve at the shank however it isn’t extended enough to form an angle along the shaft. This design is used to cleave the undermined enamel and shape the walls of the cavity.

Oral surgical Instruments: Improving recovery after surgery

Chisels may be used in conjunction with enamel hatchets and other instruments to contour bone inside the socket. The tools a dentist chooses to make a huge difference to how son the extraction site recovers. Moreover, the technique of the removal also helps avoid infection in the gum and the bone.

That said, one tool that guarantees an atraumatic removal is the anglevator. Following is a brief introduction to this tool


The function of this tool is to luxate the tooth and mobilize it for smooth uprooting. This is an innovative tool that encompasses the functions of several essential surgical tools used in dentistry. Whether you are a dentist just starting your practice or have been treating patients for years, this is one tool you need to eliminate the possibility of trauma to tissue and bone during an elevation.

Anglevators are available in three primary orientations:

  1. For upper left or lower right (aqua blue)
  2. For upper right and lower left (dark blue)
  3. For numbers 1 and 16, deep periopoclets and other areas where additional force is needed (large tan)

Purchasing Quality Chisels

to source FDA compliant German-forged stainless steel, tungsten carbide or titanium instruments visit GerdentUSA Inc. They offer a wide range of variations in chisels and are the patent holders for the Anglevator.