Types of international trade and Process of Importing Exporting Goods

Types of international trade determine in the form of import or export of goods and services, different trade-in companies, sister companies, or inter-state trade industries. The only discrepancy is the scope and approach in which various trades apply. The international trade types replace services and goods through different geographical boundaries between countries like profitable Gwadar investment properties if the Chinese government wants to purchase for industrial purposes. A simplified explanation of each type of global trade is as follows:

Trade describes as the method of selling goods for consumer, business, or management purposes, where companies purchase a specific range of products and grant them to customers, as the trading business means any corporation, except the railway business or communications, which does market similar to that of somebody who uses the assets trade Through trade, exchange, barter, permission, shipping, by determining retail trade or by personalities, whether for themselves or as consumers for the interest of others, seeking to enhance their livelihood by purchasing, selling, purchasing and renting goods, or by producing or converting goods.

Services manufactured in another country. For example, edible oil import from Chinese producers to African countries.


Export is the sale of locally made goods in another country. For example, a garment company exports ready-made garment products to Western countries.

Inter-company trade: 

When the process of importing goods from a foreign country and re-exporting them to traders in other countries begins, this is called re-export. For example, a clothing company in the export processing area imports raw materials (cotton) from South Korea, uses Thai cotton to produce clothing products, and then sells them to Canada.

Bilateral trade: Importers import goods similar to those produced in the country. An example of these sales can see in imported cars. Each country that makes cars also imports other types of vehicles from other countries.

Trade between sister companies: 

International trade is limited to various branches or subsidiaries of multinational companies. The company may be a franchisee, or it may just be a large enterprise with international outlets. Homeland trade between companies is an event between different types of companies that produce various kinds of goods. For example, this trade type can see in raw material suppliers and import companies in other countries.

Inter-industrial trade: 

Intra-industrial trade refers to how the parties of the two countries exchange goods that have not been manufacture in any one country. For example, an oil-owning State may export oil to a State that does not have oil reserves and therefore cannot produce oil.

Retail types

After defining retail, it is essential to know that retail stores are a great collection of independent stores, supermarkets, and companies that offer price reductions. Retailers work in stores on fixed sites for sale designed to attract many customers. The stores have extensive displays of goods and use multimedia ads to attract customers, goods usually sold to the general public for personal or domestic consumption. Still, some also serve customers from companies and institutions, including office supplies stores, computer stores, software, building materials dealers, plumbing and electricity stores; here are some examples of different types of retail stores:

  • Supermarkets. 
  • Grocery stores and supermarkets. 
  • Warehouse vendors. 
  • Specialized retailers. 
  • Convenient retailers. 
  • Discount for the retailer.

Market Analysis and Trend

Market Analysis: Includes market size, market stage, market competitiveness, market attractiveness, and market trends. Customer Analysis: Includes market segmentation, demographic, geographical, and psychological data, values, attitudes, shopping habits, brand preferences, needs, desires, and media habits analysis. Internal analysis: It represents other capabilities such as human resources capacity, technological capability, financial capacity, business relationships, reputation, and positioning. Competition analysis: It ensures the availability of alternatives, the strengths and weaknesses of the competitor, sensory mapping, and competitive trends. 

Product Mix Review: Sales per square foot, stock turnover, and profitability per product line. Review of distribution channels: It means the time limit between system development, delivery, distribution cost, and cost efficiency for brokers. Assessment of strategy economics: cost and return analysis of planned activities. How to start retailing Reflects the definition of retail as one of the fastest-growing sectors of the economy, with at least one third or so of the 500,000 or so new projects launched each year, and most retail operations involve buying goods or services and selling them to consumers, Retail trade can start as follows:

  1. Choose the right product. 
  2. Measure the demand for the product. 
  3. Read commercial and academic magazines related to the industry or target market. 
  4. Estimate the potential profit margin. 
  5. Identify suppliers. 
  6. Determine the retail price by searching for other stores that order the product. 
  7. Calculate the estimated direct cost margin. 
  8. Describe the company’s organizational structure. 
  9. Develop the right marketing strategy. 
  10. Develop the plan to finance startup expenses. 
  11. Provide financial forecasts. 
  12. Find the site. 
  13. Identify sources of funding. Apply for state licenses and permits. 
  14. Hiring employees, for example you hiring staff in housing scheme Gwadar or in your business.