Autism aka Autism Spectrum Disorder is neurodiversity. People with autism can learn, reason, and solve problems in a variety of ways, from highly skilled to severely impaired. While some people with ASD might need a lot of daily assistance, others might only need a little help and in some cases could even live independently.
Autism Spectrum Disorder: What Is It?
A complicated developmental condition known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) involves chronic difficulties with social communication, narrow interests, and repetitive conduct. Although autism is regarded as a lifelong condition, each person with autism experiences these difficulties to a different extent.
The word autism, often known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is used to refer to a variety of neurodevelopmental problems.
Communication and social interaction patterns alter under certain settings. People with ASD frequently exhibit repetitive and constrained interests or behavioural patterns.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report that boys are diagnosed with ASD more frequently than girls. In 2016, a study of 8-year-olds in 11 different places across the United States discovered a 4.3-to-1 boy-to-girl ratio. ASD was present in roughly 1 in 54 research participants.
There are signs that the prevalence of autism is increasing. Some say environmental factors are to blame for this surge. Experts disagree on whether there has been a real increase in instances or if diagnosis have just become more common.
According to the most recent research, a variety of hereditary variables may complicatedly enhance the risk of developing autism. It has been determined that having some specific genetic disorders, such as Tuberous Sclerosis and Fragile X Syndrome, increases one’s likelihood of being diagnosed with autism. When taken during pregnancy, some drugs, including thalidomide and valproic acid, have also been associated to an increased risk of autism. A youngster is more likely to be diagnosed with autism if their sibling has the condition.
Additionally, there is a correlation between a higher risk of autism and older parents at the time of conception.Contrarily, there is no evidence that vaccinations or factors like race, ethnicity, or socioeconomic level are related to the chance of receiving an autism diagnosis. Although this ratio is shifting over time, male children are often diagnosed with autism more frequently than those who were given a feminine sex at birth.
Management of Autism
Although there is no “cure” for autism, there are many successful interventions that can enhance a child’s functioning:
A structured behavioural plan is developed using applied behavioural analysis to help children with their functional issues and increase their adaptive abilities while reducing inappropriate behaviour.
Social skill development This intervention, which can be carried out in a group or an individual setting, aids autistic youngsters in becoming more adept at navigating social situations.
Speech and language therapy can help the child’s speech patterns and linguistic comprehension.
Workplace therapy addresses deficiencies in adaptive abilities for daily living activities as well as handwriting issues.
Training in parenting management: Parents acquire the skills necessary to discipline their children appropriately and respond to challenging conduct. Parent support organizations assist parents in coping with the pressures of raising an autistic kid.
Services for special education: Children with autism can fulfil their academic potential under an individualized education plan offered by their school, which takes into account their limitations in social communication, restricted interests, and repetitive activities. For extremely young children, this includes specialized day classes that focus on language, social, and life skills.
Treating co-occurring conditions: Children with autism frequently experience melancholy, anxiety, and sleeplessness. ADHD is also more prevalent in them. It is important to address the possibility of intellectual disability in autistic children. With the right services, which comprise everything listed above in addition to psychotherapy and/or prescription treatment, these disorders’ effects can be lessened.
Parents and caregivers have experimented with many complementary and alternative remedies involving specific diets and supplements throughout the years to help their autistic child function better. Clear recommendations for any such particular actions have not yet been made on the basis of strong data. Parents and caregivers interested in these types of interventions should speak with the treating clinician for their child. Research into these interventions is ongoing.
Exactly who offers the services?
A team approach is best when it comes to the management of Autism. SLPs, or speech-language pathologists, Occupational Therapists, Mental health professionals, Special Educators, Developmental pediatricians and Behaviour experts form the team requried for autism management.
How can I locate a speech therapist?
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